Patients' and General Practitioners' Views About Preventive Care in Family Medicine in Switzerland: A Cross-sectional Study.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_0895768AE813
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Patients' and General Practitioners' Views About Preventive Care in Family Medicine in Switzerland: A Cross-sectional Study.
Journal
Journal of preventive medicine and public health = Yebang Uihakhoe chi
Author(s)
Cohidon C., Imhof F., Bovy L., Birrer P., Cornuz J., Senn N.
ISSN
2233-4521 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1975-8375
Publication state
Published
Issued date
09/2019
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
52
Number
5
Pages
323-332
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The aim of this study was to describe general practitioners (GPs)' opinions and practices of preventive care and patients' opinions, attitudes, and behaviors towards prevention.
The data stemmed from a cross-sectional national survey on prevention conducted in Switzerland from 2015 to 2016. In total, 170 randomly drawn GPs and 1154 of their patients participated. The GPs answered an online questionnaire and the patients answered a questionnaire administrated by fieldworkers present at their practices.
Both patients and GPs agreed that delivering preventive care is the dedicated role of a GP. It appeared that beyond classical topics of prevention such as cardiovascular risk factors, other prevention areas (e.g., cannabis consumption, immunization, occupational risks) were scarcely covered by GPs and reported as little-known by patients. In addition, GPs seemed to use a selective approach to prevention, responding to the clinical context, rather than a systematic approach to health promotion. The results also highlight possibilities to improve prevention in family medicine through options such as more supportive tools and public advertising, more time and more delegated tasks and, finally, a more recognized role.
Despite an unfavorable context of prevention within the healthcare system, preventive care in family medicine is reasonably good in Switzerland. However, some limitations appear regarding the topics and the circumstances of preventive care delivery. A global effort is needed to implement necessary changes, and the responsibility should be broadened to other stakeholders.
Keywords
Attitude of Health Personnel, Attitude to Health, Cross-Sectional Studies, Family Practice, Female, General Practitioners/psychology, General Practitioners/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Patients/psychology, Patients/statistics & numerical data, Preventive Medicine/standards, Surveys and Questionnaires, Switzerland, Attitude, General practitioner, Patients, Practices, Preventive care
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
08/10/2019 22:01
Last modification date
28/02/2020 7:19
Usage data