Heterogeneity of smartphone impact on everyday life and its relationship with personality and psychopathology: A latent profile analysis.

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_08235FD7010A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Heterogeneity of smartphone impact on everyday life and its relationship with personality and psychopathology: A latent profile analysis.
Journal
Comprehensive psychiatry
Author(s)
Canale N., Pancani L., Pivetta E., Moretta T., Marino C., Buodo G., Vieno A., Dalmaso M., Billieux J.
ISSN
1532-8384 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0010-440X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/2023
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
120
Pages
152356
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
The relationships between problematic smartphone use and psychological factors have been extensively investigated. However, previous studies generally used variable-centered approaches, which hinder an examination of the heterogeneity of smartphone impact on everyday life.
In the present study, we capitalized on latent profile analysis to identify various classes of smartphone owners based on the impact associated with smartphone use (e.g., unregulated usage, preference for smartphone-mediated social relationships) and to compare these classes in terms of established psychological risk factors for problematic smartphone use.
We surveyed 934 young adults with validated psychometric questionnaires to assess the impact of smartphones, psychopathological symptoms, self-esteem and impulsivity traits.
Smartphone users fall into four latent profiles: users with low smartphone impact, users with average smartphone impact, problematic smartphone users, and users favoring online interactions. Individuals distributed in the problematic smartphone user profile were characterized by heightened psychopathological symptoms (stress, anxiety, depression, obsessive-compulsive tendencies) and impulsivity traits. Moreover, users who preferred online interactions exhibited the highest symptoms of social anxiety and the lowest levels of self-esteem.
These findings further demonstrate the multidimensionality and heterogeneity of the impact of smartphone use, calling for tailored prevention and intervention strategies.
Keywords
Humans, Personality, Impulsivity traits, Latent profile analyses, Problematic smartphone use, Psychological distress, Smartphone psychosocial impact
Pubmed
Open Access
Yes
Create date
18/11/2022 13:00
Last modification date
28/12/2022 6:52
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