Why Countries ‘Get Tough on the Work-Shy': The Role of Adverse Economic Conditions

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_0733682797DF
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Why Countries ‘Get Tough on the Work-Shy': The Role of Adverse Economic Conditions
Journal
Journal of Social Policy
Author(s)
Knotz Carlo
ISSN
0047-2794
1469-7823
Publication state
Published
Issued date
29/11/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
1-20
Language
english
Abstract
t
There has been a clear trend toward greater conditionality and coercion in labour market and social policy in recent decades, a key part of which is tougher sanctions for unemployment benefit claimants who refuse offers of employment or otherwise fail to comply with their obligations. Our understanding of this trend and its determinants is so far built only on a corpus of small-N evidence, while systematic comparative large-N analyses are lacking. As a result, the broad patterns of policy change and their general political drivers remain underexplored. This paper fills this gap by examining unemployment benefit sanction reforms in 20 democracies between 1980 and 2012 using an original dataset. It is shown that governments introduce tougher sanctions in order to reconcile two competing pressures that arise during economic downturns: an increased need for social protection and reduced fiscal revenues. The findings, which are also applicable to other historical periods and policy areas, provide an impulse for future comparative large-N research on ‘demanding activation’ policies.
Create date
25/03/2019 18:43
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:29
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