What's what in auditory cortices?

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_07266E385567
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
What's what in auditory cortices?
Journal
NeuroImage
Author(s)
Retsa C., Matusz P.J., Schnupp JWH, Murray M.M.
ISSN
1095-9572 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1053-8119
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/08/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
176
Pages
29-40
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Distinct anatomical and functional pathways are postulated for analysing a sound's object-related ('what') and space-related ('where') information. It remains unresolved to which extent distinct or overlapping neural resources subserve specific object-related dimensions (i.e. who is speaking and what is being said can both be derived from the same acoustic input). To address this issue, we recorded high-density auditory evoked potentials (AEPs) while participants selectively attended and discriminated sounds according to their pitch, speaker identity, uttered syllable ('what' dimensions) or their location ('where'). Sound acoustics were held constant across blocks; the only manipulation involved the sound dimension that participants had to attend to. The task-relevant dimension was varied across blocks. AEPs from healthy participants were analysed within an electrical neuroimaging framework to differentiate modulations in response strength from modulations in response topography; the latter of which forcibly follow from changes in the configuration of underlying sources. There were no behavioural differences in discrimination of sounds across the 4 feature dimensions. As early as 90ms post-stimulus onset, AEP topographies differed across 'what' conditions, supporting a functional sub-segregation within the auditory 'what' pathway. This study characterises the spatio-temporal dynamics of segregated, yet parallel, processing of multiple sound object-related feature dimensions when selective attention is directed to them.
Keywords
Acoustic Stimulation, Adult, Auditory Cortex/physiology, Auditory Perception/physiology, Electroencephalography, Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Sound Localization/physiology, Sound Spectrography, Young Adult, Auditory, Auditory evoked potential (AEP), Functional segregation, Object, ‘What’ and ‘where’ pathways
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
26/04/2018 18:44
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:29
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