The effect of Rituximab on patients with follicular and mantle-cell lymphoma. Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK)


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Article: article from journal or magazin.
The effect of Rituximab on patients with follicular and mantle-cell lymphoma. Swiss Group for Clinical Cancer Research (SAKK)
Annals of Oncology
Ghielmini  M., Schmitz  S. F., Burki  K., Pichert  G., Betticher  D. C., Stupp  R., Wernli  M., Lohri  A., Schmitter  D., Bertoni  F., Cerny  T.
0923-7534 (Print)
Publication state
Issued date
11 Suppl 1
Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
BACKGROUND: Clinical activity of the anti CD-20 monoclonal antibody Rituximab has been reported in patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) and mantle-cell lymphoma (MCL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 120 patients with bi-dimensionally measurable FL or MCL (R.E.A.L. Classification) were treated with Rituximab 375 mg/m2/week for 4 weeks. A central pathology review confirmed the diagnosis of FL in 76 of 78 and of MCL in 39 of 42 cases. The response was evaluated after 8 weeks and confirmed after 12 weeks from the start of treatment. RESULTS: The toxicity of the treatment was, as expected, grade 1-2 fever and rigors during the first infusion and mild asthenia during the treatment period. Serious adverse events, probably or possibly related to the study treatment, included four deaths (3 of cardiac origin, 1 caused by P. carinii pneumonia) and 10 further nonfatal cases, including a permanent agranulocytosis and one case of heart failure. Response rate at week 12 was 52% for FL and 22% for MCL. After treatment, the BCL-2 rearrangement disappeared in 15 of 29 blood but only in 5 of 23 bone marrow samples; BCL-1 disappeared in 5 of 12 blood and 0 of 7 bone marrow specimens, as determined by PCR. CONCLUSIONS: Rituximab is an active agent for the treatment of FL, while its efficacy is modest in MCL. The effect in reducing minimal residual disease is more pronounced on the blood than it is on the bone marrow.
Adult Aged Aged, 80 and over Antibodies, Monoclonal/administration & dosage/*adverse effects Antineoplastic Agents/administration & dosage/*adverse effects Cardiovascular Diseases/chemically induced Female Fever/chemically induced Humans Logistic Models Lymphoma, Follicular/diagnosis/*drug therapy/mortality Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell/diagnosis/*drug therapy/mortality Male Middle Aged Predictive Value of Tests Prognosis Severity of Illness Index Survival Analysis Survival Rate Treatment Outcome
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28/01/2008 9:39
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20/08/2019 13:29
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