Some go without a cigarette: characteristics of cannabis users who have never smoked tobacco.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_04AFC7B5D341
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Some go without a cigarette: characteristics of cannabis users who have never smoked tobacco.
Journal
Archives of pediatrics & adolescent medicine
Author(s)
Suris Joan-Carles, Akré Christina, Berchtold André, Jeannin André, Michaud Pierre-André
ISSN
1538-3628[electronic]
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2007
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
161
Number
11
Pages
1042-1047
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of youth who use cannabis but have never been tobacco smokers and to assess the characteristics that differentiate them from those using both substances or neither substance. DESIGN: School survey. SETTING: Postmandatory schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5263 students (2439 females) aged 16 to 20 years divided into cannabis-only smokers (n = 455), cannabis and tobacco smokers (n = 1703), and abstainers (n = 3105). OUTCOME MEASURES: Regular tobacco and cannabis use; and personal, family, academic, and substance use characteristics. RESULTS: Compared with those using both substances, cannabis-only youth were younger (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 0.82) and more likely to be male (AOR, 2.19), to play sports (AOR, 1.64), to live with both parents (AOR, 1.33), to be students (AOR, 2.56), and to have good grades (AOR, 1.57) and less likely to have been drunk (AOR, 0.55), to have started using cannabis before the age of 15 years (AOR, 0.71), to have used cannabis more than once or twice in the previous month (AOR, 0.64), and to perceive their pubertal timing as early (AOR, 0.59). Compared with abstainers, they were more likely to be male (AOR, 2.10), to have a good relationship with friends (AOR, 1.62), to be sensation seeking (AOR, 1.32), and to practice sports (AOR, 1.37) and less likely to have a good relationship with their parents (AOR, 0.59). They were more likely to attend high school (AOR, 1.43), to skip class (AOR, 2.28), and to have been drunk (AOR, 2.54) or to have used illicit drugs (AOR, 2.28). CONCLUSIONS: Cannabis-only adolescents show better functioning than those who also use tobacco. Compared with abstainers, they are more socially driven and do not seem to have psychosocial problems at a higher rate.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Marijuana Smoking, Multivariate Analysis, Prevalence, Sex Factors, Smoking, Socioeconomic Factors, Switzerland
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
03/03/2008 11:04
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:26
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