Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat

Details

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State: Public
Version: Final published version
Serval ID
serval:BIB_0498732F2853
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Title
Consensus Recommendations on Training and Competing in the Heat
Journal
Sports Medicine (auckland, N.z.)
Author(s)
Racinais S., Alonso J.M., Coutts A.J., Flouris A.D., Girard O., González-Alonso J., Hausswirth C., Jay O., Lee J.K., Mitchell N., Nassis G.P., Nybo L., Pluim B.M., Roelands B., Sawka M.N., Wingo J., Périard J.D.
ISSN
1179-2035 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0112-1642
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2015
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
45
Number
7
Pages
925-938
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublishDocument Type: Review
Abstract
Exercising in the heat induces thermoregulatory and other physiological strain that can lead to impairments in endurance exercise capacity. The purpose of this consensus statement is to provide up-to-date recommendations to optimize performance during sporting activities undertaken in hot ambient conditions. The most important intervention one can adopt to reduce physiological strain and optimize performance is to heat acclimatize. Heat acclimatization should comprise repeated exercise-heat exposures over 1-2 weeks. In addition, athletes should initiate competition and training in an euhydrated state and minimize dehydration during exercise. Following the development of commercial cooling systems (e.g., cooling vests), athletes can implement cooling strategies to facilitate heat loss or increase heat storage capacity before training or competing in the heat. Moreover, event organizers should plan for large shaded areas, along with cooling and rehydration facilities, and schedule events in accordance with minimizing the health risks of athletes, especially in mass participation events and during the first hot days of the year. Following the recent examples of the 2008 Olympics and the 2014 FIFA World Cup, sport governing bodies should consider allowing additional (or longer) recovery periods between and during events for hydration and body cooling opportunities when competitions are held in the heat.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
28/08/2015 17:46
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:26
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