Neurolinguistics: structural plasticity in the bilingual brain.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_04970A63577A
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
Neurolinguistics: structural plasticity in the bilingual brain.
Journal
Nature
Author(s)
Mechelli A., Crinion J.T., Noppeney U., O'Doherty J., Ashburner J., Frackowiak R.S., Price C.J.
ISSN
1476-4687 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0028-0836
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2004
Volume
431
Number
7010
Pages
757
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Humans have a unique ability to learn more than one language--a skill that is thought to be mediated by functional (rather than structural) plastic changes in the brain. Here we show that learning a second language increases the density of grey matter in the left inferior parietal cortex and that the degree of structural reorganization in this region is modulated by the proficiency attained and the age at acquisition. This relation between grey-matter density and performance may represent a general principle of brain organization.
Keywords
Age Factors, Aging/physiology, Brain/anatomy & histology, Brain/physiology, Educational Status, Great Britain, Humans, Italy, Language, Learning/physiology, Linguistics, Neuronal Plasticity/physiology, Neuropsychological Tests, Parietal Lobe/anatomy & histology, Parietal Lobe/physiology, Principal Component Analysis, Reading, Speech, Time Factors, Writing
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
11/09/2011 18:27
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:26
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