Parental Leave and Mothers' Careers: The Relative Importance of Job Protection and Cash Benefits

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_041FE61A02C3
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Parental Leave and Mothers' Careers: The Relative Importance of Job Protection and Cash Benefits
Journal
Review of Economic Studies
Author(s)
Lalive R., Schlosser A., Steinhauer A., Zweimüller J.
ISSN
0034-6527
Publication state
Published
Issued date
01/2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
81
Number
1
Pages
219-265
Language
english
Abstract
Job protection and cash benefits are key elements of parental leave (PL) systems. We study how these two policy instruments affect return-to-work and medium-run labour market outcomes of mothers of newborn children. Analysing a series of major PL policy changes in Austria, we find that longer cash benefits lead to a significant delay in return-to-work, particularly so in the period that is job-protected. Prolonged parental leave absence induced by these policy changes does not appear to hurt mothers' labour market outcomes in the medium run. We build a non-stationary model of job search after childbirth to isolate the role of the two policy instruments. The model matches return-to-work and return to same employer profiles under the various factual policy configurations. Counterfactual policy simulations indicate that a system that combines cash with protection dominates other systems in generating time for care immediately after birth while maintaining mothers' medium-run labour market attachment.
Keywords
Parental leave, family and work obligations, return-to-work, labour supply, earnings, family earnings gap
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
15/02/2013 11:47
Last modification date
01/10/2019 7:16
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