Understanding Appearance-Enhancing Drug Use in Sport Using an Enactive Approach to Body Image

Details

Ressource 1Download: 29238320_BIB_03CC508648A5.pdf (300.27 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: Final published version
License: CC BY 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_03CC508648A5
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Understanding Appearance-Enhancing Drug Use in Sport Using an Enactive Approach to Body Image
Journal
Frontiers in Psychology (Section Movement Science and Sport Psychology)
Author(s)
Hauw D., Bilard J.
ISSN
1664-1078 (Online)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
29/11/2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Pages
NA
Language
english
Notes
Article 2088
Frontiers in Psychology (Section Movement Science and Sport Psychology)
Abstract
From an enactive approach to human activity, we suggest that the use of appearance-enhancing drugs is better explained by the sense-making related to body image rather than the cognitive evaluation of social norms about appearance and consequent psychopathology-oriented approach. After reviewing the main psychological disorders thought to link body image issues to the use of appearance-enhancing substances, we sketch a flexible, dynamic and embedded account of body image defined as the individual’s propensity to act and experience in specific situations. We show how this enacted body image is a complex process of sense-making that people engage in when they are trying to adapt to specific situations. These adaptations of the enacted body image require effort, perseverance and time, and therefore any substance that accelerates this process appears to be an easy and attractive solution. In this enactive account of body image, we underline that the link between the enacted body image and substance use is also anchored in the history of the body’s previous interactions with the world. This emerges during periods of upheaval and hardship, especially in a context where athletes experience weak participatory sense-making in a sport community. We conclude by suggesting prevention and intervention designs that would promote a safe instrumental use of the body in sports and psychological helping procedures for athletes experiencing difficulties with substances use and body image.
Keywords
enaction, embodiement, body awareness, situatedness, participatory sense-making, developmental explanatory thesis, substance use, adolescent anxiety
Open Access
Yes
Create date
29/11/2017 8:32
Last modification date
20/08/2019 13:25
Usage data