Association between Body Composition and Motor Performance in Preschool Children.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_03C2396DEEBB
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Association between Body Composition and Motor Performance in Preschool Children.
Journal
Obesity facts
Author(s)
Kakebeeke T.H., Lanzi S., Zysset A.E., Arhab A., Messerli-Bürgy N., Stuelb K., Leeger-Aschmann C.S., Schmutz E.A., Meyer A.H., Kriemler S., Munsch S., Jenni O.G., Puder J.J.
ISSN
1662-4033 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1662-4025
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2017
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
10
Number
5
Pages
420-431
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Being overweight makes physical movement more difficult. Our aim was to investigate the association between body composition and motor performance in preschool children.
A total of 476 predominantly normal-weight preschool children (age 3.9 ± 0.7 years; m/f: 251/225; BMI 16.0 ± 1.4 kg/m2) participated in the Swiss Preschoolers' Health Study (SPLASHY). Body composition assessments included skinfold thickness, waist circumference (WC), and BMI. The Zurich Neuromotor Assessment (ZNA) was used to assess gross and fine motor tasks.
After adjustment for age, sex, socioeconomic status, sociocultural characteristics, and physical activity (assessed with accelerometers), skinfold thickness and WC were both inversely correlated with jumping sideward (gross motor task β-coefficient -1.92, p = 0.027; and -3.34, p = 0.014, respectively), while BMI was positively correlated with running performance (gross motor task β-coefficient 9.12, p = 0.001). No significant associations were found between body composition measures and fine motor tasks.
The inverse associations between skinfold thickness or WC and jumping sideward indicates that children with high fat mass may be less proficient in certain gross motor tasks. The positive association between BMI and running suggests that BMI might be an indicator of fat-free (i.e., muscle) mass in predominately normal-weight preschool children.

Keywords
BMI, Body composition, Motor skills, SPLASHY, Zurich Neuromotor Assessment
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
11/01/2018 15:08
Last modification date
03/09/2020 17:41
Usage data