Health behaviours and psychosocial adjustment of migrant adolescents in Switzerland

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_039F2695E326
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Health behaviours and psychosocial adjustment of migrant adolescents in Switzerland
Journal
Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift
Author(s)
Ferron  C., Haour-Knipe  M., Tschumper  A., Narring  F., Michaud  P. A.
ISSN
0036-7672 (Print)
Publication state
Published
Issued date
08/1997
Volume
127
Number
35
Pages
1419-29
Notes
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't --- Old month value: Aug 30
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Except for that of skilled and professional personnel, labour migration has practically ceased in Europe since the mid-1970s, and many of those who migrated as single males now have families in host countries. In Switzerland, among school-attending adolescents both of whose parents were born outside the country, some three quarters are children of labour migrants. Our hypothesis is that these adolescents present particular adjustment difficulties attributable to low socio-economic status and double cultural affinity. OBJECTIVE: To compare Swiss and labour-migrant adolescents in attitudes towards health risks, psychological adjustment and family relationships. METHOD: As part of the Swiss Multicentric Adolescent Survey on Health, an anonymous self-administered questionnaire was distributed in school classes among a national representative sample of 9300 fifteen- to twenty-year-olds. The subsample of labour-migrant youth includes 1200 adolescents both of whose parents are from Italy, Spain, Portugal, Turkey or former Yugoslavia. RESULTS: Bivariate analyses show significant differences between Swiss and labour-migrant adolescents in health concepts and health behaviour (notably, sexual behaviour and substance use), general well-being and family relationships. Only alcohol consumption and drink-driving behaviour place migrant adolescents at a lower risk than their Swiss peers. When sociodemographic variables are controlled in multivariate analysis, less favourable perceptions of the future, more marks risk behaviours, symptoms of depression, and difficult relationships with parents all appear to be strongly associated with migrant status. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study reflect the negative effects of lack of social stability and of clear opportunities and positive perspectives on the health and psychosocial adjustment of migrant adolescents.
Keywords
*Acculturation Adolescent Adult Alcohol Drinking/psychology Attitude to Health *Emigration and Immigration Family Relations Female *Health Behavior Humans Male Sexual Behavior *Social Adjustment Socioeconomic Factors Switzerland Transients and Migrants/psychology
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
25/01/2008 13:21
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:25
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