The joint influence of gender and amount of smoking on weight gain one year after smoking cessation.

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_032F8A001680
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
The joint influence of gender and amount of smoking on weight gain one year after smoking cessation.
Journal
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Author(s)
Locatelli I., Collet T.H., Clair C., Rodondi N., Cornuz J.
ISSN
1660-4601 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1660-4601
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2014
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
11
Number
8
Pages
8443-8455
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article Publication Status: epublish
Abstract
Weight gain is often associated with smoking cessation and may discourage smokers from quitting. This study estimated the weight gained one year after smoking cessation and examined the risk factors associated with weight gain in order to identify socio-demographic groups at higher risk of increased weight after quitting. We analyzed data from 750 adults in two randomized controlled studies that included smokers motivated to quit and found a gradient in weight gain according to the actual duration of abstinence during follow-up. Subjects who were abstinent for at least 40 weeks gained 4.6 kg (SD = 3.8) on average, compared to 1.2 kg (SD = 2.6) for those who were abstinent less than 20 weeks during the 1-year follow-up. Considering the duration of abstinence as an exposure variable, we found an age effect and a significant interaction between sex and the amount of smoking before quitting: younger subjects gained more weight than older subjects; among light smokers, men gained more weight on average than women one year after quitting, while the opposite was observed among heavy smokers. Young women smoking heavily at baseline had the highest risk of weight gain after quitting.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
05/08/2014 9:29
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:25
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