Substance use and depression. Comparative course in adolescents.

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_02F439314AF0
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Substance use and depression. Comparative course in adolescents.
Journal
European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Author(s)
Chinet L., Plancherel B., Bolognini M., Bernard M., Laget J., Daniele G., Halfon O.
ISSN
1018-8827 (Print)
ISSN-L
1018-8827
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2006
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
15
Number
3
Pages
149-155
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between depression and substance use in adolescents and the concomitant courses of both disorders.
METHODS: Four individual interviews were administered to 85 adolescent substance users aged 14-19 years (mean 17.1 years, SD 1.4) over a 3.5 year period using the Adolescent Drug Abuse Interview (ADAD) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13).
RESULTS: No predictive effect was observed on one dimension over the other, but each dimension was predictive of its own course. A decrease in substance-use severity paralleled a decrease in depressive state. Similarly, stable substance-use rates, either at a low or a high level, tended to be associated with low or high levels of depression, respectively. However, an increase in substance use was not accompanied by an increase in depressive states. Moreover, depression varied greatly between adolescents, and according to gender and age.
CONCLUSIONS: Depressive states and substance use in adolescents can vary considerably overtime, and are closely but rather synchronically related. Since most of the adolescents do not seek help for substance-related problems, substance use should be systematically assessed in adolescents presenting with a depressive state.
Keywords
Adolescent, Adult, Depression/diagnosis, Depression/epidemiology, Disease Progression, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Questionnaires, Severity of Illness Index, Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
10/03/2008 11:25
Last modification date
01/10/2019 6:16
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