The Utility of Physiological Measures in Assessing the Empathic Skills of Incarcerated Violent Offenders.

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Ressource 1Download: Palix, Abu-Akel, et al IJOTCC 2021.pdf (215.26 [Ko])
State: Public
Version: author
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Serval ID
serval:BIB_01BF9CA4DBEA
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The Utility of Physiological Measures in Assessing the Empathic Skills of Incarcerated Violent Offenders.
Journal
International journal of offender therapy and comparative criminology
Author(s)
Palix J., Abu-Akel A., Moulin V., Abbiati M., Gasser J., Hasler C., Marcot D., Mohr C., Dan-Glauser E.
ISSN
1552-6933 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0306-624X
Publication state
In Press
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Pages
306624X21994056
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
Since lack of empathy is an important indicator of violent behaviors, researchers need consistent and valid measures. This study evaluated the practical significance of a potential physiological correlate of empathy compared to a traditional self-report questionnaire in 18 male violent offenders and 21 general population controls. Empathy skills were assessed with the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) questionnaire. Heart-Rate Variability (HRV) was assessed with an electrocardiogram. The RMSSD (Root Mean Square of the Successive beat-to-beat Differences), an HRV index implicated in social cognition, was calculated. There were no group differences in IRI scores. However, RMSSD was lower in the offender group. Positive correlations between RMSSD and IRI subscales were found for controls only. We conclude that psychometric measures of empathy do not discriminate incarcerated violent offenders, and that the incorporation of psychophysiological measures, such as HRV, could be an avenue for forensic research on empathy to establish translatable evidence-based information.
Keywords
Violence, Offenders, Empathy, Heart Rate Variability, RMSSD, RMSSD, empathy, heart rate variability, offenders, violence
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
17/01/2021 13:11
Last modification date
17/04/2021 6:33
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