Measurement and conceptualization of maternal PTSD following childbirth: Psychometric properties of the City Birth Trauma Scale-French Version (City BiTS-F).

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Serval ID
serval:BIB_0189F8963ED2
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Measurement and conceptualization of maternal PTSD following childbirth: Psychometric properties of the City Birth Trauma Scale-French Version (City BiTS-F).
Journal
Psychological trauma
Author(s)
Sandoz V., Hingray C., Stuijfzand S., Lacroix A., El Hage W., Horsch A.
ISSN
1942-969X (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1942-969X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
22/07/2021
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Abstract
The City Birth Trauma Scale (City BiTS) assesses posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms following childbirth (PTSD-FC). Recent studies investigating the latent factor structure of PTSD-FC in women reported mixed results. No validated French questionnaire exists to measure PTSD-FC symptoms. Therefore, this study first aimed to validate the French version of the City BiTS (City BiTS-F). Second, it aimed to establish the latent factor structure of PTSD-FC.
French-speaking women with infants aged 1 to 12 months old (n = 541) completed an online cross-sectional survey. Questionnaires included the City BiTS-F, the PTSD Checklist, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and the anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Additionally, sociodemographic and medical data were collected.
The two-factor model with birth-related symptoms (BRS) and general symptoms (GS) fit the data well, whereas the four-factor model was not confirmed. The bifactor model with a general factor and the BRS and GS gave the best fit to the data, suggesting that use of the total score in addition to the BRS and GS subscales scores is justified. High reliability (α = .88 to .90) and good convergent and divergent validity were obtained. Discriminant validity was calculated with weeks of gestation, gravidity, history of traumatic childbirth and event, and mode of delivery.
The City BiTS-F is a reliable and valid measure of PTSD-FC symptoms in French-speaking women. Both total score and BRS or GS subscale scores can be calculated. This psychometric tool is of importance for clinical and research purposes. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).
Keywords
PTSD, childbirth, trauma, validation, French
Pubmed
Create date
26/07/2021 17:32
Last modification date
27/07/2021 7:08
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