Relationship of physical activity with motor skills, aerobic fitness and body fat in preschool children: a cross-sectional and longitudinal study (Ballabeina).

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State: Public
Version: author
Serval ID
serval:BIB_013075D7FE20
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
Relationship of physical activity with motor skills, aerobic fitness and body fat in preschool children: a cross-sectional and longitudinal study (Ballabeina).
Journal
International journal of obesity
Author(s)
Bürgi F., Meyer U., Granacher U., Schindler C., Marques-Vidal P., Kriemler S., Puder J.J.
ISSN
1476-5497 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0307-0565
Publication state
Published
Issued date
07/2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
35
Number
7
Pages
937-944
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Adiposity, low aerobic fitness and low levels of activity are all associated with clustered cardiovascular disease risk in children and their high prevalence represents a major public health concern.
The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship of objectively measured physical activity (PA) with motor skills (agility and balance), aerobic fitness and %body fat in young children.
This study is a cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses using mixed linear models. Longitudinal data were adjusted for baseline outcome parameters.
In all, 217 healthy preschool children (age 4-6 years, 48% boys) participated in this study.
PA (accelerometers), agility (obstacle course), dynamic balance (balance beam), aerobic fitness (20-m shuttle run) and %body fat (bioelectric impedance) at baseline and 9 months later.
PA was positively associated with both motor skills and aerobic fitness at baseline as well as with their longitudinal changes. Specifically, only vigorous, but not total or moderate PA, was related to changes in aerobic fitness. Higher PA was associated with less %body fat at baseline, but not with its change. Conversely, baseline motor skills, aerobic fitness or %body fat were not related to changes in PA.
In young children, baseline PA was associated with improvements in motor skills and in aerobic fitness, an important determinant of cardiovascular risk.

Keywords
Adipose Tissue/physiology, Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology, Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control, Child, Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Linear Models, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Motor Activity/physiology, Motor Skills/physiology, Obesity/physiopathology, Obesity/prevention & control, Physical Fitness/physiology, Risk Factors, Surveys and Questionnaires
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Yes
Create date
31/03/2011 15:16
Last modification date
31/08/2019 7:08
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