The anatomy and function of the gluteus minimus muscle.

Details

Serval ID
serval:BIB_012B14334837
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Collection
Publications
Title
The anatomy and function of the gluteus minimus muscle.
Journal
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume
Author(s)
Beck M., Sledge J.B., Gautier E., Dora C.F., Ganz R.
ISSN
0301-620X (Print)
ISSN-L
0301-620X
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2000
Volume
82
Number
3
Pages
358-363
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
Abstract
In order to investigate the functional anatomy of gluteus minimus we dissected 16 hips in fresh cadavers. The muscle originates from the external aspect of the ilium, between the anterior and inferior gluteal lines, and also at the sciatic notch from the inside of the pelvis where it protects the superior gluteal nerve and artery. It inserts anterosuperiorly into the capsule of the hip and continues to its main insertion on the greater trochanter. Based on these anatomical findings, a model was developed using plastic bones. A study of its mechanics showed that gluteus minimus acts as a flexor, an abductor and an internal or external rotator, depending on the position of the femur and which part of the muscle is active. It follows that one of its functions is to stabilise the head of the femur in the acetabulum by tightening the capsule and applying pressure on the head. Careful preservation or reattachment of the tendon of gluteus minimus during surgery on the hip is strongly recommended.
Keywords
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Buttocks/anatomy & histology, Buttocks/physiology, Female, Humans, Isometric Contraction/physiology, Male, Middle Aged, Range of Motion, Articular/physiology, Reference Values
Pubmed
Web of science
Create date
26/11/2012 19:19
Last modification date
20/08/2019 12:23
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