Endovascular versus medical therapy in posterior cerebral artery stroke: role of baseline NIHSS and occlusion site.


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Article: article from journal or magazin.
Endovascular versus medical therapy in posterior cerebral artery stroke: role of baseline NIHSS and occlusion site.
Strambo D., Michel P., Nguyen T.N., Abdalkader M., Qureshi M.M., Strbian D., Herweh C., Möhlenbruch M.A., Räty S., Olivé-Gadea M., Ribo M., Psychogios M.N., Fischer U., Nguyen A., Kuramatsu J.B., Haupenthal D., Köhrmann M., Deuschl C., Kühne Escolà J., Demeestere J., Lemmens R., Vandewalle L., Yaghi S., Shu L., Puetz V., Kaiser DPO, Kaesmacher J., Mujanovic A., Marterstock D.C., Engelhorn T., Requena M., Dasenbrock H.H., Klein P., Haussen D.C., Mohammaden M.H., Abdelhamid H., Souza Viana L., Cunha B., Fragata I.R., Romoli M., Diana F., Hu W., Zhang C., Virtanen P., Lauha R., Jesser J., Clark J., Matsoukas S., Fifi J.T., Sheth S.A., Salazar-Marioni S., Marto J.P., Ramos J.N., Miszczuk M., Riegler C., Poli S., Poli K., Jadhav A.P., Desai S.M., Maus V., Kaeder M., Siddiqui A.H., Monteiro A., Masoud H.E., Suryadevara N., Mokin M., Thanki S., Alpay K., Ylikotila P., Siegler J.E., Linfante I., Dabus G., Asdaghi N., Saini V., Nolte C.H., Siebert E., Serrallach B.L., Weyland C.S., Hanning U., Meyer L., Berberich A., Ringleb P.A., Nogueira R.G., Nagel S.
1524-4628 (Electronic)
Publication state
In Press
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: aheadofprint
Background: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with isolated posterior cerebral artery occlusion (iPCAO) lacks management evidence from randomized trials. We aimed to evaluate whether the association between endovascular treatment (EVT) and outcomes in iPCAO-AIS is modified by initial stroke severity (baseline NIHSS) and arterial occlusion site. Methods: Based on the multicenter, retrospective, case-control study of consecutive iPCAO-AIS patients (PLATO study), we assessed the heterogeneity of EVT outcomes compared to medical management (MM) for iPCAO, according to baseline NIHSS (≤6 vs. >6) and occlusion site (P1 vs. P2), using multivariable regression modelling with interaction terms. The primary outcome was the favorable shift of 3-month mRS. Secondary outcomes included excellent outcome (mRS 0-1), functional independence (mRS 0-2), symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and mortality. Results: From 1344 patients assessed for eligibility, 1,059 were included (median age 74 years, 43.7% women, 41.3% had intravenous thrombolysis), 364 receiving EVT and 695 MM. Baseline stroke severity did not modify the association of EVT with 3-month mRS distribution (pint=0.312), but did with functional independence (pint=0.010), with a similar trend on excellent outcome (pint=0.069). EVT was associated with more favorable outcomes than MM in patients with baseline NIHSS>6 (mRS 0-1: 30.6% vs. 17.7%, aOR=2.01, 95%CI=1.22-3.31; mRS 0-2: 46.1% vs. 31.9%, aOR=1.64, 95%CI=1.08-2.51), but not in those with NIHSS≤6 (mRS 0-1: 43.8% vs. 46.3%, aOR=0.90, 95%CI=0.49-1.64; mRS 0-2: 65.3% vs. 74.3%, aOR=0.55, 95%CI=0.30-1.0). EVT was associated with more sICH regardless of baseline NIHSS (pint=0.467), while the mortality increase was more pronounced in patients with NIHSS≤6 (pint=0.044, NIHSS≤6: aOR=7.95,95%CI=3.11-20.28, NIHSS>6: aOR=1.98,95%CI=1.08-3.65). Arterial occlusion site did not modify the association of EVT with outcomes compared to MM. Conclusion: Baseline clinical stroke severity, rather than the occlusion site, may be an important modifier of the association between EVT and outcomes in iPCAO. Only severely affected patients with iPCAO (NIHSS>6) had more favorable disability outcomes with EVT than MM, despite increased mortality and sICH.
Create date
17/05/2024 9:12
Last modification date
18/05/2024 6:59
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