The Growing Trend of Young People Abstaining from Drinking Alcohol: A Literature Review.

Details

Ressource 1Request a copy Under embargo until 13/12/2023.
UNIL restricted access
State: Public
Version: Author's accepted manuscript
License: CC BY-NC-ND 4.0
Serval ID
serval:BIB_0016A145B669
Type
Article: article from journal or magazin.
Publication sub-type
Review (review): journal as complete as possible of one specific subject, written based on exhaustive analyses from published work.
Collection
Publications
Institution
Title
The Growing Trend of Young People Abstaining from Drinking Alcohol: A Literature Review.
Journal
Substance use & misuse
Author(s)
Corre T., Barrense-Dias Y., Surís J.C.
ISSN
1532-2491 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1082-6084
Publication state
Published
Issued date
2023
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
58
Number
1
Pages
77-84
Language
english
Notes
Publication types: Review ; Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Abstract
Background: Youth alcohol use and misuse lead to adverse outcomes. However, the literature has not always associated complete abstinence with better health. Since recent literature indicates an increased proportion of young abstainers, the aim of this paper is to review the studies investigating this upward trend and the factors associated with it, such as socio-demographics, school performance, social life, physical and mental health, and parental influence. Methods: Different databases were searched and appropriated terms were used. Given that the trend has only emerged in recent years, the review was limited to papers published since 2000. A total of 970 papers were returned and 10 were retained for the present review. Results: All papers covered by the review acknowledge the existence of a new significant trend resulting in more young people in developed countries who are choosing to abstain completely from drinking alcohol. They are in good physical and mental health and perform better at school than their drinking peers. The quality of their social life, albeit slightly more limited than that of their drinking peers, appeared to be good. Conclusion: Young alcohol abstainers represent a group situated at the beginning of a continuum of alcohol consumption, they do well and are not very different from light drinkers. Alcohol abstinence at young age does not seem to have any downsides and should therefore be generally advised. To further promote such behavior, measures to encourage parental monitoring and more generous public expenditure on health services and family benefits should be encouraged.
Keywords
Adolescent, Humans, Alcohol Drinking/psychology, Ethanol, Mental Health, Health Status, Alcohol Abstinence, Abstainer, Adolescents, Alcohol, Non-drinking, Young adults
Pubmed
Web of science
Funding(s)
Swiss National Science Foundation / Projects / 200500
Create date
19/12/2022 10:10
Last modification date
11/01/2023 6:52
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