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Evidence for the evolution of multiple genomes in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.

Détails de la publication Détails dans Serval
ID Serval serval:BIB_762C755C39C0
Type de publication
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection Publications
Auteur(s) Kuhn G., Hijri M., Sanders I.R.
Titre Evidence for the evolution of multiple genomes in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
Périodique Nature
Statut éditorial Publié
Année 2001
Volume 414
Numéro 6865
Pages 745-748
Langue anglais
Résumé Ancient asexuals directly contradict the evolutionary theories that explain why organisms should evolve a sexual life history. The mutualistic, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi are thought to have been asexual for approximately 400 million years. In the absence of sex, highly divergent descendants of formerly allelic nucleotide sequences are thought to evolve in a genome. In mycorrhizal fungi, where individual offspring receive hundreds of nuclei from the parent, it has been hypothesized that a population of genetically different nuclei should evolve within one individual. Here we use DNA-DNA fluorescent in situ hybridization to show that genetically different nuclei co-exist in individual arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. We also show that the population genetics techniques used in other organisms are unsuitable for detecting recombination because the assumptions and underlying processes do not fit the fungal genomic structure shown here. Instead we used a phylogenetic approach to show that the within-individual genetic variation that occurs in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi probably evolved through accumulation of mutations in an essentially clonal genome, with some infrequent recombination events. We conclude that mycorrhizal fungi have evolved to be multi-genomic.
ISBN/ISSN 0028-0836 (Print)
ISSN-L 0028-0836
Mots-clé Cell Nucleus/genetics; DNA, Fungal/genetics; Evolution, Molecular; Fungi/genetics; Genetic Techniques; Genetic Variation; In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence; Mutation; Phylogeny; Recombination, Genetic; Spores, Fungal/genetics
URN urn:nbn:ch:serval-BIB_762C755C39C05
DOI 10.1038/414745a
Référence externe Pubmed : 11742398
Référence externe Web of Science : 000172676200046
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Dernière modification 2015-01-14

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